ESSENCE OF BLOCK PRINTING
Woodblock printing is the process of printing patterns on textiles by means of
incised wooden blocks. Block printing by hand is a slow process.It refers to the
technique by which carved wooden blocks covered with dye are repeatedly
pressed along a length of cloth to create patterns.
Block printing is popular because of the rich and vibrant colours. Originally natural dyes were used but today
they have been replaced by chemical and artificial colours.
The main tools of the printer are wooden blocks in different shapes and sizes called bunta.
The underside of the block has the design etched on it.
Wooden trolleys with racks have castor wheels fastened to their legs to facilitate free movement.
The printer drags it along as he works. On the upper most shelf trays of dye are placed.
On the lower shelves printing blocks are kept ready.
The colour is evened out in the tray with a wedge of wood and the block dipped into the outline colour.
When the block is applied to the fabric, it is slammed hard with the fist on the back of the handle so that a good
impression may register. A point on the block serves as a guide for the repeat impression,
so that the whole effect is continuous and not disjoined.